P-1, P-2 and P-3 are granted to people who fall within a group of performers or athletic team. Each P-visa is granted on a different basis.
(1) P-1A visa is used by foreign nationals who enter the U.S. to participate in an individual event, competition or performance that is internationally recognized with a high level of achievement; or, to participate in team events that have achieved significant international recognition in a distinguished sport. A consultation from an appropriate labor organization that describes the work or services to be performed in the U.S. and the foreign national’s qualifications for such work must be submitted with the application.
P-1B is used by foreign nationals coming to the U.S. to perform as a member of an entertainment group (cannot be an individual performer) that has been recognized internationally as outstanding in the discipline for a sustained and substantial period of time. For the P-1B visa, a minimum of 75 percent of the members of the entertainment group must have had one year of a substantial and sustained relationship with the group. The application must be accompanied by a consultation from an appropriate labor organization regarding the nature of the work or a statement proving that the group has been in existence and performing for a minimum of a year.
(2) The P-2 category is rarely used. When used, however, it applies to artists and entertainers who perform as part of an exchange program with another country. The sponsoring labor organization in the U.S., must provide Written consultation by an appropriate labor organization.
(3) The P-3 category is reserved for artists and entertainers visiting the U.S. to develop, interpret, represent, coach or teach their culturally unique ethnic, folk, cultural, musical, theatrical, or artistic performance or presentation.
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